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History

Historical Overview

Around the year 1330 Friedrich the Ramsperger of Altenramsperg built the Neuenramsperg castle on the hill opposite of the ancestral seat, which lay just about two kilometres southwards. It was supposed to be the domicile of a side line of the Ramsperg dynasty. This can be learned from a 1331 entry in the chronicles of the provincial court Cham, where it says: “Ramsperg: Friedrich Ramsperger, ein newe veste”. Thus, the division of the property is recorded here. The building of a new castle in Neurandsberg by Friedrich the Ramsperger is recorded in a later document, as well.



In the middle of the 15th century, knights of the environs of Straubing and noblemen of the Bavarian Forest rebelled against their duke (amongst them was also the knight Friedrich of Neuenramsperg). The duke was supposed to replace the expenses, which had been generated by the crusade against the Hussites. Instead, the dukes hesitated to pay the compensation money, as they had their own conflicts around reign and legacy. The knights became more and more impatient and revolted against the duke. Already before the knighthood founded the “Böcklerbund” in 1446, which was directed against the duke, he himself authorized Haimeran Heraus, a hero of the 1433 battle against the Hussites, with the seizure of the Neuenramsperg castle, which was from then on in his own possession. In the fight against the rebellious “Böckler knights”, the duke conquered many other castles as well (e.g. in Kollnburg).



The dukes Johann and Sigmund visited on the occasion of their voyage around the country in 1461 the “Veste Neuenramsperg”. The caretaker of the castle at that time was Hans Swanser. Later on, the administration of the castle was conducted by men of Sattelbogen, Donnerstein and Nußberg.



In 1582 three prisons were built at the outer bailey wall (south-west-wards the keep). Afterwards, the castle served as prison for dangerous criminals and other impure rabble for a short period of time. In 1615 the prison was closed and the delinquents were transferred to Mitterfels. In the Swedish War in 1633, the castle was captured and destroyed. It is recorded, that the Swedes entrenched themselves on the so called “Gfällfeld” in Untergschwandt and besieged the castle for one day. Since then, the castle remains a ruin.



In 1698 the officer of maintenance, Erttl, filed an application to the elector Max Emanuel, in which he asked to remove the wooden chapel seated underneath the destroyed castle, as the inclining castle wall threatened to destroy the little church and its belongings. Erttl proposed to build a new church on the still good in shape western castle walls, where it could very well serve as a convenient castle chapel. Although the original plan was agreed to by the electoral clerical council, the church was not built in the castle ruin, but was instead finally rebuilt on the eastern hillside of the castle mountain, where the old chapel had originally been.



The “Viztum” of Straubing, the representative of the duke, issued in 1795 a complete description of his administrative district, which had a quite official character. There, Neurandsberg is erroneously enregistered as the “electoral castle of the electoral highness” by the provincial court of Mitterfels, although the castle had been a ruin since the Swedish War.